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An Occupational Perspective on Enculturation and Habitus - a Scoping Review

Forskningsöversiktsartikel
Författare Coralie Hellwig
Greta Häggblom Kronlöf
Publicerad i Journal of Identity and Migration Studies
Volym 14
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 61-79
ISSN 1843-5610
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för hälsa och rehabilitering
Sidor 61-79
Språk en
Länkar https://www.researchgate.net/public...
Ämnesord Occupational Therapy, Occupational science, enculturation, habitus, immigration.
Ämneskategorier Arbetsterapi, Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Abstract. Increasingly, scientific interest has been focused on the meaningfulness of engaging in occupations of daily life in individual ways, and especially so for people with migration backgrounds. This is because people who migrate to a new country will likely find themselves in a position in which they notice that some occupations are done differently from how they were used to prior to moving. Enculturation, a process in which cultural elements are recognized and internalized, informs the way immigrants engage in occupations. This study aimed to scope the occupational science and occupational therapy literature on the phenomenon in which enculturation leads to adjustments of habitus among immigrants. Descriptions of the phenomenon and its impact on daily occupations were qualitatively synthesized. The included studies entail documentations on how people who migrated enculturate and adjust their habitus regarding social etiquette, social expectations, women and gender perception, feeling of acceptance and belonging, disclosure of values and beliefs, work moral and sense of competency, and occupations involving meals. Despite the findings on the impact of occupations in migration contexts, further rigorous research is needed to investigate the way in which enculturation informs habitus adjustments and strengthen the evidence base on cultural sensitivity in occupational science.

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