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Impact of a person-centred group intervention on life satisfaction and engagement in activities among persons aging in the context of migration

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Lea Annikki Arola
Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
Greta Häggblom Kronlöf
Publicerad i Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volym 27
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 269-279
ISSN 1103-8128
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för hälsa och rehabilitering
Centrum för personcentrerad vård vid Göteborgs universitet (GPCC)
Centrum för åldrande och hälsa (AgeCap)
Sidor 269-279
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1080/11038128.20...
Ämnesord Capability, health promotion, interdisciplinary, leisure interest, migration old age, peer-learning, wellbeing
Ämneskategorier Arbetsterapi

Sammanfattning

Background: There is a growing need to support the health and wellbeing of older persons aging in the context of migration. Objectives: We evaluated whether a group-based health promotion program with person-centred approach, maintained or improved life satisfaction and engagement in activities of older immigrants in Sweden. Methods: A randomised controlled trial with post-intervention follow-ups at 6 months and 1 year was conducted with 131 older independently living persons aged ≥70 years from Finland and the Balkan Peninsula. Participants were randomly allocated to an intervention group (4 weeks of group intervention and a follow-up home visit) and a control group (no intervention). Outcome measures were life satisfaction and engagement in activities. Chi-square and odds ratios were calculated. Results: The odds ratios for maintenance or improvement of life satisfaction (for social contact and psychological health) were higher in the person-centred intervention group. More participants in the intervention group maintained or improved their general participation in activities compared with the control group. However, no significant between-group differences were found. Conclusion: Person-centred interventions can support older person’s capability to maintain their health in daily life when aging in migration. Further research is needed with a larger sample and longer intervention period to determine the effectiveness of the intervention.

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