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Narrative Skills in Primary School Children with Autism in Relation to Language and Nonverbal Temporal Sequencing

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Emilia Carlsson
Jakob Åsberg Johnels
Christopher Gillberg
Carmela Miniscalco
Publicerad i Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
ISSN 0090-6905
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Gillbergcentrum
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10936-020-09703...
Ämnesord Narrative skills, Autism, Children, Language skills, Nonverbal temporal, sequencing, spectrum disorders, story, comprehension, preschoolers, coherence, ability, Linguistics, Psychology
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Psykiatri

Sammanfattning

Recent research has suggested that temporal sequencing of narrative events might be a domain-general ability that underlies oral narrative capacities. The current study investigated this issue in a group of children with known pragmatic and narrative difficulties, namely Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). We hypothesized (1) that children with ASD (n = 45) would retell narratives of poorer quality than both chronological age-matched (CAM) children and younger children matched on sentence-level language skills (LM), and (2) that nonverbal temporal sequencing skills would uniquely predict individual differences in oral narrative performance in children with ASD. The results show that children with ASD performed poorer on all measures of oral narrative quality compared with the CAM group, and on eight of ten measures compared with the LM group. Thus, our first hypothesis was confirmed, suggesting that narrative difficulties in ASD cannot be fully explained by impaired language. The second hypothesis was only partly confirmed: nonverbal temporal sequencing explained significant or marginally significant variance in some, but not all, aspects of oral narrative performance of children with ASD. These results are discussed from theoretical and clinical/educational perspectives, in relation to the heterogeneity of language skills in ASD and to domain-general features of narrative processing.

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