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Efficacy of an Internet-Based Community Reinforcement and Family Training Program to Increase Treatment Engagement for AUD and to Improve Psychiatric Health for CSOs: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Niels Eék
K. Romberg
O. Siljeholm
M. Johansson
S. Andreasson
T. Lundgren
Claudia Fahlke
S. Ingesson
L. Bäckman
A. Hammarberg
Publicerad i Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire)
Volym 55
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 187-195
ISSN 1464-3502
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 187-195
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agz095
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

AIMS: Community Reinforcement Approach and Family Training (CRAFT) is a support program for concerned significant others (CSOs) to identified persons (IPs) with alcohol use disorders, with the purpose of engaging IPs to treatment and to improve CSO functioning. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of an internet-based version of CRAFT (iCRAFT). METHODS: Randomized controlled trial comparing iCRAFT with a wait-list (WL) condition with a nation-wide uptake in Sweden. A total of 94 CSOs to a treatment refusing IP, who described the IP according to DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence or abuse, were included in the study. iCRAFT consisted of five weekly administered therapist-guided modules with the following content: (a) improve CSOs' own mental health, (b) improve the CSOs skills in asking the IP to seek treatment, (c) positive communication skills training, (d) contingency management of IP drinking behavior. Main outcome measure was IPs initiative to seek treatment measured at 24 weeks. Secondary outcomes were IP's daily alcohol consumption, CSOs mental health, quality of life and relational satisfaction. RESULTS: Of 94 participants, 15 CSOs reported IP treatment initiative during the study period. Of these, 10 belonged to the iCRAFT condition and five to the WL condition. The difference between conditions was nonsignificant, and the results were inconclusive. Participants in iCRAFT showed short-term improvements regarding depressive symptoms, quality of life and relational happiness. CONCLUSION: This study was unable to demonstrate substantial changes in the iCRAFT program regarding IP treatment seeking or CSO mental health. © The Author(s) 2020. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press.

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