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Analysis of early respiratory-related mortality after radiation therapy of non-small-cell lung cancer: feasibility of automatic data extraction for dose–response studies

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Louise Stervik
Niclas Pettersson
J. Scherman
C. F. Behrens
C. Ceberg
S. Engelholm
K. Gunnarsson
Andreas Hallqvist
Jan Nyman
G. F. Persson
M. Pøhl
I. Wahlstedt
I. R. Vogelius
Anna Bäck
Publicerad i Acta Oncologica
Volym 59
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 628-365
ISSN 0284-186X
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för radiofysik
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för onkologi
Sidor 628-365
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2020.17...
Ämneskategorier Radiofysik

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To examine the feasibility of automatic data extraction from clinical radiation therapy (RT) databases at four hospitals to investigate the impact of mean lung dose (MLD) and age on the risk of early respiratory-related death and early overall death for patients treated with RT for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Material and methods: We included adult patients with NSCLC receiving curatively intended RT between 2002 and 2017 at four hospitals. A script was developed to automatically extract RT-related data. The cause of death for patients deceased within 180 days of the start of RT was retrospectively assessed. Using logistic regression, the risks of respiratory-related death and of overall death within 90 and 180 days were investigated using MLD and age as variables. Results: Altogether, 1785 patients were included in the analysis of early overall mortality and 1655 of early respiratory-related mortality. The respiratory-related mortalities within 90 and 180 days were 0.9% (15/1655) and 3.6% (60/1655). The overall mortalities within 90 and 180 days were 2.5% (45/1785) and 10.6% (190/1785). Higher MLD and older age were associated with an increased risk of respiratory-related death within 180 days and overall death within 90 and 180 days (all p<.05). For example, the risk of respiratory-related death within 180 days and their 95% confidence interval for patients aged 65 and 75 years with MLDs of 20 Gy was according to our logistic model 3.8% (2.6–5.0%) and 7.7% (5.5–10%), respectively. Conclusions: Automatic data extraction was successfully used to pool data from four hospitals. MLD and age were associated with the risk of respiratory-related death within 180 days of the start of RT and with overall death within 90 and 180 days. A model quantifying the risk of respiratory-related death within 180 days was formulated. © 2020, © 2020 Acta Oncologica Foundation.

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