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Factors in childhood and youth predicting alcohol dependence and abuse in Swedish women: Findings from a general population study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Lena Spak
Fredrik Spak
Peter Allebeck
Publicerad i Alcohol and Alcoholism
Volym 32
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 267-274
ISSN 0735-0414
Publiceringsår 1997
Publicerad vid Institutionen för samhällsmedicin, Avdelningen för socialmedicin
Sidor 267-274
Språk en
Länkar <Go to ISI>://A1997XF81100008
Ämneskategorier Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi, Beroendelära

Sammanfattning

The aim was to assess risk factors during childhood and youth for alcohol dependence/abuse (ADA) in a population-based study of Swedish women. A total of 316 women were interviewed after stratified random sampling in the general population and a screening questionnaire. The interviews focused on social, psychological and behaviour characteristics as well as on early substance use patterns. Alcohol diagnoses were made according to DSM-III-R and CIDI-SAM. Experiences of sexual abuse before the age of 13 years, a history of psychological or psychiatric problems, early deviant behaviour and an episode of alcohol intoxication before the age of 15 years were significantly associated with ADA in a logistic model. General indicators of low social class were not associated with increased risk of ADA in a multivariate analysis. Sexual abuse in childhood was the strongest predictor of ADA. This association has potential public health importance, and should be addressed in future studies on women and alcohol. PMID: 9199727 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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