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Associations between social and general health factors and symptoms related to temporomandibular disorders and bruxism in a population of 50-year-old subjects.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Anders Johansson
Lennart Unell
Gunnar E Carlsson
Björn Söderfeldt
Arne Halling
Fredrik Widar
Publicerad i Acta odontologica Scandinavica
Volym 62
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 231-7
ISSN 0001-6357
Publiceringsår 2004
Publicerad vid Odontologiska institutionen, Avdelningen för oral protetik/odontologisk materialvetenskap
Sidor 231-7
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/0001635041000164...
Ämnesord Attitude to Health, Bruxism, complications, epidemiology, Dental Care, psychology, utilization, Female, Health Status, Humans, Life Style, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Sampling Studies, Sex Factors, Smoking, Socioeconomic Factors, Sweden, epidemiology, Temporomandibular Joint Disorders, epidemiology, etiology
Ämneskategorier Odontologi, Odontologisk beteendevetenskap, Ortodonti

Sammanfattning

The aim of this epidemiological study was to examine associations between temporomandibular (TMD)-related problems and variables from three domains: (1) socio-economic attributes, (2) general health and health-related lifestyle, and (3) dental attitudes and behaviors. The overall response rate to a questionnaire mailed to the total population of 50-year-old subjects in two Swedish counties (8,888 individuals) was 71%. Among the 53 questions in the questionnaire, those related to social, general health, and health-related factors were used as independent variables in logistic regression models. Three TMD-related symptoms and reported bruxism were used as dependent variables. Impaired general health was the strongest risk factor for reported TMD symptoms. Along with female gender and dissatisfaction with dental care, impaired general health was significantly associated with all three TMD symptoms. A few more factors were associated with pain from the TMJ only. In comparison, reported bruxism showed more significant associations with the independent variables. In addition to the variables associated with TMD symptoms, being single, college/university education, and daily tobacco use were also significantly correlated with bruxism. Besides female gender, impaired general health, dissatisfaction with dental care, and a few social and health-related factors demonstrated significant associations with TMD symptoms and reported bruxism.

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