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Distinctive types of ATP-dependent Clp proteases in cyanobacteria

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Tara M Stanne
E. Pojidaeva
Fredrik Andersson
Adrian K Clarke
Publicerad i Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volym 282
Nummer/häfte 19
Sidor 14394-14402
ISSN 0021-9258
Publiceringsår 2007
Publicerad vid Institutionen för växt- och miljövetenskaper
Sidor 14394-14402
Språk en
Länkar <Go to ISI>://000246245800052
Ämnesord HEAT-SHOCK-PROTEIN, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, GENE-TRANSFER, CHLOROPLASTS, COMPLEX, SYNECHOCOCCUS, SUBUNIT, ACCLIMATION, DEGRADATION
Ämneskategorier Biologiska vetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Cyanobacteria are the only prokaryotes that perform oxygenic photosynthesis and are thought to be ancestors to plant chloroplasts. Like chloroplasts, cyanobacteria possess a diverse array of proteolytic enzymes, with one of the most prominent being the ATP-dependent Ser-type Clp protease. The model Clp protease in Escherichia coli consists of a single ClpP proteolytic core flanked on one or both ends by a HSP100 chaperone partner. In comparison, cyanobacteria have multiple ClpP paralogs plus a ClpP variant (ClpR), which lacks the catalytic triad typical of Ser-type proteases. In this study, we reveal that two distinct soluble Clp proteases exist in the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus. Each protease consists of a unique proteolytic core comprised of two separate Clp subunits, one with ClpP1 and ClpP2, the other with ClpP3 and ClpR. Each core also associates with a particular HSP100 chaperone partner, ClpC in the case of the ClpP3/R core, and ClpX for the ClpP1/P2 core. The two adaptor proteins, ClpS1 and ClpS2 also interact with the ClpC chaperone protein, likely increasing the range of protein substrates targeted by the Clp protease in cyanobacteria. We also reveal the possible existence of a third Clp protease in Synechococcus, one which associates with the internal membrane network. Altogether, we show that presence of several distinctive Clp proteases in cyanobacteria, a feature which contrasts from that in most other organisms.

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